Skin experiences a myriad of changes with aging: wrinkles, discoloration, dryness, thinning, textural changes and more. A multitude of products are available over-the-counter which aim to improve these issues. Some of these products work well. Others market unrealistic expectations and yield minimal results. Selection of suitable anti-aging agents can be an overwhelming process.
Many dermatologists embrace an anti-aging regimen with three main components: sun protection, a retinoid and moisturizer. With adherence to these tenants, a simple, effective and affordable anti-aging routine is possible.
SUNSCREEN Protection from the sun mitigates against brown spots, wrinkles, textural changes, and the appearance of thinning or bruised skin. UVA light, which contributes to photoaging, is present in sufficient quantities year-round to damage skin.
Thus, sunscreen is an integral part of any daily anti-aging routine. Sunscreen should be labeled broad spectrum and have an SPF of at least 15 for casual use, 30 or higher for outdoor recreational activity. Remember to reapply every two hours for best results. See also (link here) more detailed advice on sun protection.
RETINOIDS are tried & true topical agents recommended by many dermatologists to combat fine lines, wrinkles and help with pigment and textural irregularities. Some of these products also combat acne.
MOISTURIZERS are key. As skin ages, it becomes more dry. The result is an appearance of advanced age, decreased luster and more visible wrinkles. In addition to a daily sunscreen or moisturizer with SPF, apply a heavier non-comedogenic moisturizer at bedtime.
OTC Treatment Options
Elta MD Clear (with or without tint)
Differin Gel (0.1% adapalene)
CeraVe Skin Renewing Night Cream
Applying retinoids (adapalene, retinol) more than directed will not provide faster or better results, but may worsen skin irritation. Side effects of retinoids are generally mild but may include dryness, redness, burning, itching , scaling, and sun sensitivity. Frequency of application can be decreased to every other night and gradually increased if necessary.
There are many other anti-aging products with ingredients such as vitamin C, peptides, alpha and beta hydroxy acids and more. If unable to achieve a satisfactory anti-aging regimen with the above guidelines, consult a dermatologist for expert & customized advice.
*FDA approved for acne treatment.